No. 1020. (2) Joint carriers are generally two descriptions, namely land carriers and water carriers. The first refers to the owners of coaches, wagons or express trains that circulate between different places and transport rental property; and truck drivers, teammates, cartographers and organizations that engage in the transportation of goods for hire as collective employment from one part of one city to another are also considered common carriers. Water carriers are masters and owners of ships and steamboats who are engaged in transporting goods for persons in general, renters and lighters, hoymes, boatmen, boatmen, boatmen, ferries, boatmen and others who are employed in the same way. 3. Under the Common Law, a common carrier is generally liable for all losses that may result from the property entrusted to it in the course of its business, unless it can prove that the loss is due to the violence of God or the enemies of the United States or to the action of the owner of the property. 8 pp. &R. 533; 6 John.
R. 160; 11 John. R. 107; 4 N.H. Rep. 304; From the harp. R. 469; Peck. R. 270; 7 yerg. R. 340; 3 Munf.
R. 239; 1 Conn. R. 487; 1 Dev. -Bat. 273; Two deposits. Rep. 157.
4. In 6 Cowen, 266 was attempted to relax the common law stringency with respect to supports on water; but this case seems contradictory with other decisions. Two Kents. Com. 471, 472; 10 John. 1; 11 John. 107. 5.
With respect to overland airlines, the common law rule in states that fall under common law jurisprudence seems to be allowed everywhere in all its rigour. . . .